Photosynthesis, root respiration, and grain yield of spring wheat in response to surface soil drying.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2005
Month Published: NA
Author: Liu, HongSheng ; Li, FengMin
Book Group Author: NA
Abstract:

The aims of this research were to test the influence of surface soil drying on photosynthesis, root respiration and grain yield of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum), and to evaluate the relationship between root respiration and grain yield. Wheat plants were grown in PVC tubes 120 cm in length and 10 cm in diameter. Three water regimes were employed: (a) all soil layers were irrigated close to field water capacity (CK); (b) upper soil layers (0-40 cm from top) drying (UD); (c) lower soil layer (80-120 cm from top) wet (LW). The results showed that although upper drying treatment maintained the highest root biomass, root respiration and photosynthesis rates at anthesis, the root respiration of the former was significantly (P<0.05) lower than the latter at the jointing stage. There were no differences in water use efficiency or harvest index between plants from the upper drying and well-watered treatment. However, the grain weight for plants in the upper drying treatment was significantly (P<0.05) higher than that of in well-watered control. The results suggest that reduced root respiration rate and the amount of photosynthates utilized by root respiration in early season growth may also have contributed to improve crop production under soil drying. Reduced root activity and root respiration rate, in the early growth stage, not only increased the photosynthate use efficiency (root respiration rate:photosynthesis ratio), but also grain yield. Rooting into a deeper wet soil profile before grain filling was crucial for spring wheat to achieve a successful seedling establishment and high grain yield.

Pages: 149 - 154
URL: http://0-search.ebscohost.com.catalog.library.colostate.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,url,cpid&custid=s4640792&db=lah&AN=20053122278&site=ehost-live
Volume: 45
Number: 2
Journal: Plant Growth Regulation
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISBN: NA
ISSN: 0167-6903
DOI: NA
Keywords:

biomass, crop growth stage, crop yield, desiccation,flowering, gas exchange, growth, harvest index, irrigation,photosynthesis, plant water relations, rooting, roots, seedlings, soilwater, use efficiency, water use, water use efficiency, wheat, Triticum,Triticum aestivum, Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons, angiosperms,Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Triticum, anthesis, carbonassimilation, carbon dioxide fixation, soil moisture, watering, FieldCrops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Physiology and Biochemistry(FF060), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production (FF100), PlantPropagation (FF160), Soil Physics (JJ300)

Source: EBSCO
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