|Author:||Ashraf, M. ; Parveen, N.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Response of two spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars, salt tolerant SARC-I and salt sensitive Potohar, to different concentrations of NaCl was examined under glasshouse conditions. Eighteen-day-old plants of both the lines grown in sand culture were irrigated with 0 (control), 80, 160 or 240 mM NaCl in full strength Hoagland's nutrient solution. Shoot fresh and dry masses, and leaf area per plant of SARC-I at the vegetative stage, were significantly greater than those of cv. Potohar at higher salt concentrations, however, relative growth rate (RGR) of cv. Potohar was significantly higher than that of SARC-I. SARC-I had higher net photosynthetic rate (PN), stomatal conductance (gs) and transpiration rate (E) than cv. Potohar at the vegetative stage, but the cultivars did not differ significantly in water-use efficiency (PN/E), intrinsic water use efficiency (PN/gs), and intercellular/ambient CO2 concentration ratio. At the grain development stage, SARC-I had significantly higher PN and gs in the flag leaf than cv. Potohar under salinity. SARC-I was superior to cv. Potohar with respect to number of grains per spike, number of grains per spikelet, mean grain mass, and grain yield per plant at all NaCl concentrations.
|Pages:||401 - 407|
carbon dioxide, crop yield, cultivars, flag leaf, growthrate, hexaploidy, leaf area, leaf conductance, photosynthesis, plantwater relations, salinity, salt tolerance, shoots, transpiration, wateruse efficiency, wheat, yield components, Triticum, Triticum aestivum,Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,eukaryotes, Triticum, carbon assimilation, carbon dioxide fixation,cultivated varieties, Environmental Tolerance of Plants (FF900), FieldCrops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Breeding and Genetics (FF020),Plant Physiology and Biochemistry (FF060), Plant Water Relations (FF062)