Planning and management modeling for treated wastewater usage.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2009
Month Published: NA
Author: Ahmadi, L. ; Merkley, G. P.
Book Group Author: NA

Due to urban growth, some agricultural lands have been replaced by residential, municipal, and industrial areas. In some cases the remaining agricultural land will not have enough water because of transfers from agriculture to M&I (municipal and industrial) users. Therefore, in many places, especially in arid and semi-arid regions, the use of treated wastewater as a reliable source of irrigation water has already been, or will be, considered in the future. Due to its unique characteristics, this new resource has many challenges that cannot be ignored, such as health issues, water quality, and long- and short-term effects on soils and crops. The study described herein considered the development of a new GIS-based model for planning and managing the reuse of treated wastewater for the irrigation of agricultural and green lands, considering various factors such as population and urban growth. The model is composed of several different modules, including an urban growth model. These modules are designed to help in the decision-making process for allocations of water resources to agricultural areas, considering factors such as crop types, crop pattern, water salinity, soil characteristics, pumping and conveyance costs, and also by comparing different management scenarios. Appropriate crops that can be grown with a specific water salinity and soil characteristics, proper water resources for each farm (according to pumping and conveyance costs, and analysis of water demand, and water supply) can be determined through the application of this model. The model can also rank agricultural areas and open spaces in and near an urban area according to their suitability for irrigated agriculture.

Pages: 97 - 107
Volume: 23
Number: 2/3
Journal: Irrigation and Drainage Systems
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 0168-6291

agricultural land, analysis, characteristics, costs, health,industrial sites, irrigation, irrigation water, mathematical models,models, salinity, semiarid zones, soil, urban areas, waste treatment,waste water, waste water treatment, water quality, water resources,water reuse, water supply, costings, farmland, water composition andquality, water supplies, watering, Techniques and Methodology (ZZ900),Water Resources (PP200), Plant Production (FF100), Mathematics andStatistics (ZZ100), Agricultural and Forestry Equipment (General)(NN400), Wastes (General) (XX000), Aquatic Sciences (General) (MM000)

Source: EBSCO
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