|Author:||Foti, S. ; Cosentino, S. L. ; Patanè, C. ; Copani, V. ; Sanzone, E.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Miscanthus giganteus is a potential crop for biomass. To evaluate the tolerance of the species to low soil water availability, which in the Mediterranean environment occurs during the warm and dry summertime, a 2-year (between 1994 and 1996) research experiment was carried out in the field on the eastern coast of Sicily (Southern Italy), comparing the physiological responses of the crop to three levels of ETm restoration (25, 50 and 100%). Soil in the study area was classified as Vertic Xerochrepts. All the studied plant indicators (pre-dawn and midday leaf water potential, leaf transpiration and stomatal conductance) were affected by soil water deficit according to a relationship described by an asymptotic curve. However, the pre-dawn leaf water potential was more strictly related to soil water content, among those tested, due to its relative independence from weather conditions and thus may represent a valid indicator of plant water status for irrigation scheduling. Indeed, the variations in leaf water potential, transpiration and stomatal conductance, measured during the warmest hours of the day, were related to the air vapour pressure deficit in the well-irrigated treatment (100% of ETm restoration).
|Pages:||29 - 36|
available water, drought resistance, evapotranspiration,Inceptisols, indicator plants, irrigation, irrigation scheduling, leafconductance, leaf water potential, plant water relations, soil types,soil water content, stomata, transpiration, water availability, waterdeficit, Italy, Sicily, Miscanthus, plants, Poaceae, Cyperales,monocotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes,Miscanthus, Southern Europe, Europe, Mediterranean Region, DevelopedCountries, European Union Countries, OECD Countries, Italy, droughttolerance, Miscanthus giganteus, plant indicators, Sicilia, watering,Plant Water Relations (FF062), Environmental Tolerance of Plants(FF900), Soil Physics (JJ300), Soil Water Management (Irrigation andDrainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management]