|Author:||Nji, A. ; Fonteh, M. F.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
This paper assesses the potential for Water Harvesting Technologies (WHT) in farming systems affected by drought or water scarcity. A major assumption of the paper is that the earth's water does not preclude water shortages, particularly in situations where water management principles, procedures and tools are in deficit. The analysis is based on data collected from the Mandara Mountains Regions of Northern Cameroon in 1998 using a combination of research methods (personal interviews, field observations, and document analysis). The "Positional Power" technique was used to identify key respondents. The specific objectives of the study were to: ascertain the economic potential of water harvesting Technologies in the region, with a view to their promotion; enhance a better understanding of the potential and scope of WHT for their replication in other regions; and increase knowledge on WHT so as to improve the methods required for their adoption and diffusion. The findings indicate that six WHTs are used in the area: flood diversion; mini dams; watering ponds; microor sand dams; rooftop; and rock-bed water harvesting. Of all these methods, only the flood diversion or guimelther is an indigenous technology. Based on an adoption matrix of the technologies, it is revealed that the adoption of a particular WHT will be influenced by: the 'complexity' of the technology; the source of innovation; availability of raw materials; and the costs and management of the technology. Livestock farmers who are wealthier than crop producers have a greater tendency to adopt the more complex and expensive technologies while crop farmers tend to adopt the much simpler and less expensive technologies.
|Pages:||202 - 214|
|Journal:||Discovery and Innovation|
farming systems, hydraulic structures, hydrology, innovationadoption, innovations, technology, water availability, water management,water stress, water supply, water use, Cameroon, Central Africa, AfricaSouth of Sahara, Africa, Developing Countries, ACP Countries,Francophone Africa, adoption of innovations, agricultural systems, waterresource management, water supplies, Agricultural Economics (EE110),Natural Resource Economics (EE115) (New March 2000), Water Resources(PP200)