|Author:||Sinclair, T. R. ; Hammer, G. L. ; Oosterom, E. J. van|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Limitations on maximum transpiration rates, which are commonly observed as midday stomatal closure, have been observed even under well-watered conditions. Such limitations may be caused by restricted hydraulic conductance in the plant or by limited supply of water to the plant from uptake by the roots. This behaviour would have the consequences of limiting photosynthetic rate, increasing transpiration efficiency, and conserving soil water. A key question is whether the conservation of water will be rewarded by sustained growth during seed fill and increased grain yield. This simulation analysis was undertaken to examine consequences on sorghum yield over several years when maximum transpiration rate was imposed in a model. Yields were simulated at four locations in the sorghum-growing area of Australia for 115 seasons at each location. Mean yield was increased slightly (5-7%) by setting maximum transpiration rate at 0.4 mm h-1. However, the yield increase was mainly in the dry, low-yielding years in which growers may be more economically vulnerable. In years with yield less than ~450 g m-2, the maximum transpiration rate trait resulted in yield increases of 9-13%. At higher yield levels, decreased yields were simulated. The yield responses to restricted maximum transpiration rate were associated with an increase in efficiency of water use. This arose because transpiration was reduced at times of the day when atmospheric demand was greatest. Depending on the risk attitude of growers, incorporation of a maximum transpiration rate trait in sorghum cultivars could be desirable to increase yields in dry years and improve water use efficiency and crop yield stability.
|Pages:||945 - 952|
|Journal:||Functional Plant Biology|
crop yield, leaf conductance, photosynthesis, plant waterrelations, roots, simulation, simulation models, soil water, stomata,transpiration, water uptake, water use efficiency, Australia, New SouthWales, Queensland, Sorghum bicolor, Australasia, Oceania, DevelopedCountries, Commonwealth of Nations, OECD Countries, Australia, Sorghum,Poaceae, Cyperales, monocotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants,Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Physiology and Biochemistry(FF060), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production (FF100),Mathematics and Statistics (ZZ100)