|Author:||Tanik, A. ; Ekdal, A. ; GermirliBabuna, F. ; Orhon, D.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Reuse of wastewater for irrigational purposes in agriculture has been a widely applied practice all around the world compared to such applications in industries. In most of the developing countries, high costs of wastewater treatment stimulate the direct reuse of raw or partly treated effluent in irrigation despite the socio-cultural objections in some countries regarding religious rituals towards consuming wastewater. In Turkey, reuse applications in agriculture have been in use by indirect application by means of withdrawing water from the downstream end of treatment plants. Such practices affected the deterioration of surface water resources due to the lack of water quality monitoring and control. However, more conscious and planned reuse activities in agriculture have recently started by the operation of urban wastewater treatment plants. Turkey does not face any severe water scarcity problems for the time being, but as the water resources show the signs of water quality deterioration it seems to be one of the priority issues in the near future. The industrial reuse activities are only at the research stage especially in industries consuming high amounts of water. In-plant control implementation is the preferred effort of minimizing water consumption in such industries. The current reuse activities are outlined in the article forming an example from a developing country.
|Pages:||141 - 149|
|Journal:||Water Science and Technology|
agriculture, biological treatment, coastal areas, factoryeffluents, irrigation, irrigation water, law, regulations, sewagesludge, sociology, urban areas, waste water, waste water treatment,water management, water quality, water reuse, water supply, DevelopingCountries, Turkey, West Asia, Asia, Mediterranean Region, DevelopingCountries, OECD Countries, industrial effluents, waste water treatmentplants, water consumption, Laws and Regulations (DD500), NaturalResource Economics (EE115) (New March 2000), Soil Water Management(Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly SoilWater Management], Water Resources (PP200), Social Psychology and SocialAnthropology (UU485) (New March 2000), Human Wastes and Refuse (XX300),Industrial Wastes and Effluents (XX400)