|Author:||Hermon, K. ; Maher, P. ; Ierodiaconou, D. ; Stagnitti,F. ; Allinson, G. ; Armstrong, R. ; LeBlanc, M. ; Rooij, G. de ; Bloem, E. ; Hogervorst, F.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
The viticultural industry is becoming an increasingly significant part of the Australian agricultural sector, with gross earnings of over $4 billion in 2002. Expansion of the industry in the last decade has been rapid, however its heavy reliance on irrigation has resulted in further expansion in many wine growing regions being limited by the availability of water. This problem is not confined to the viticultural industry, with ever increasing pressures on water resources worldwide. As demands for water continue to rise, new strategies to meet demands must be adopted. One of the strategies being increasingly employed is the recycling of waste waters for a number of applications such as irrigation and industrial uses. The use of recycled water for vineyard irrigation provides a number of benefits. Among them are the reduced demands on potable supplies, reduced waste discharges to surface waters, and the opportunity for expansion of production. Recycled waters however, contain constituents which have the potential to cause deleterious effects to both production and the environment. Therefore, the use of recycled water for irrigation requires targetted monitoring and management to ensure the long-term sustainability of both the vineyard and the surrounding environment. Traditional monitoring techniques including water quality monitoring and soil testing can be complimented by new technologies and techniques which provide large quantities of information with relatively less labour and time. Such techniques can be used to monitor the vineyard environment to identify impacts arising from management practices, allowing vineyard managers to adjust management for sustainable production.
agricultural production, agricultural sector, case studies,environmental impact, irrigated farming, irrigation, irrigation water,monitoring, nitrogen, nutrients, phosphorus, precision agriculture,recycling, soil organic matter, soil salinity, sustainability, traceelements, vineyards, viticulture, waste water, water availability, waterquality, water reuse, water supply, water use, Australia, Australasia,Oceania, Developed Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, OECD Countries,environmental effects, microelements, organic matter in soil, precisionfarming, site specific crop management, sodicity, surveillance systems,water composition and quality, water supplies, watering, HorticulturalCrops (FF003) (New March 2000), Plant Production (FF100), Soil Chemistryand Mineralogy (JJ200), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage)(JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], WaterResources (PP200), Industrial Wastes and Effluents (XX400)