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Since the late 1980s, opportunities to harness new resources for agricultural water management (AWM) have grown fewer and more expensive. Lending for irrigation and drainage has focused on rehabilitation and improvement of the existing systems. Water productivity, however, has generally remained low, and returns on public investment have been disappointing, especially in large-scale irrigation. More recently, though, new solutions have begun to emerge, based on widely available technology and new management and governance options. The role of government is changing, responsibility is being decentralized, farmers are playing a increasingly important role in decisions and investment, and markets are driving growth. This books explores this emerging paradigm, which integrates AWM within a more comprehensive development framework. The overall goal of this report is to give strategic focus to implementation of the AWM components of the corporate strategies. Its specific objectives are to set out the changing context of demand and supply for agricultural water; to identify the policy, institutional and incentive reform options that will accelerate productivity improvements and pro-poor growth; and to articulate priorities for investment in AWM. It is also intended to define the role of the public sector and other stakeholders, and to set out how AWM can be best integrated upstream into water resources management, and downstream as an input provider into the agricultural economy. The primary audiences for the paper are policy makers and project managers, World Bank country and sector managers and task team leaders.
demand, incentives, investment, irrigation, watermanagement, water policy, water supply, capital outlay, water resourcemanagement, water supplies, watering, Natural Resource Economics (EE115)(New March 2000), Policy and Planning (EE120), Supply, Demand and Prices(EE130), Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800)(Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], Water Resources(PP200)