|Author:||Leytem, A. B. ; Bjorneberg, D. L.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Phosphorus (P) losses from irrigated cropland transferred to surface waters via irrigation return flows, can impair regional water quality. Best management practices to reduce soil erosion on fields and sediment concentration in return flows do little to reduce soluble P concentrations, which can exceed total maximum daily load (TMDL) limits for total P. Laboratory and field tests were conducted to evaluate the effect of alum on soluble P concentration in return flow water from an irrigation tract in southern Idaho. The laboratory study used two water sources (tap and irrigation), three sediment concentrations (0, 100 and 1000 mg L-1), two added P concentrations (0 and 1 mg L-1), and five alum concentrations (0, 5, 10, 20 and 40 mg L-1). Field tests were conducted at sediment ponds on two irrigation drains with 20 to 500 mg L-1 sediment and 0.09 to 0.19 mg L-1 dissolved P in inflow water. Regression analysis of laboratory data showed a 53 percent reduction in soluble P concentration with 20 mg L-1 alum, which was similar to field data. Applying 40 mg L-1 alum to irrigation water reduced soluble P concentrations up to 98 percent in the field. Achieving 50 percent soluble P reduction would cost about $0.007 m-3 ($8.25 per ac ft) at the current alum cost of $0.33 kg-1 ($0.15 lb-1). Although alum effectively reduced soluble P in irrigation return flow, the cost of applying alum may be too high for routine use in many irrigation districts.
|Pages:||200 - 208|
|Journal:||Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (Ankeny)|
agricultural land, aluminium sulfate, application rates,cost analysis, erosion, eutrophication, flocculants, geologicalsedimentation, irrigated sites, irrigation, irrigation water,phosphorus, ponds, regression analysis, return flow, river water,sediment, surface water, tap water, water pollution, water quality,water reuse, Idaho, USA, Mountain States of USA, Western States of USA,USA, North America, America, Developed Countries, OECD Countries,croplands, remediation, water treatment, Natural Resource Economics(EE115) (New March 2000), Soil Water Management (Irrigation andDrainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil Water Management],Water Resources (PP200), Erosion; Soil and Water Conservation (PP400),Pollution and Degradation (PP600)