Soil erosion and carbon dynamics.

Book Title: NA
Year Published: 2005
Month Published: NA
Author: Lal, R.
Book Group Author: NA

Accelerated erosion involves preferential removal of soil organic carbon (SOC) because it is concentrated in vicinity of the soil surface and has lower density than the mineral fraction. The SOC transported by water runoff is redistributed over the landscape and deposited in depressional sites where it is buried along with the sediments. However, the fate of the SOC transported, redistributed and deposited by erosional processes is a subject of intense debate. Sedimentologists argue that SOC buried with sediments is physically protected, and that depleted in the eroded soil is replaced through biomass production. Thus, they argue that the erosion-sedimentation process leads to globally net SOC sequestration of 0.6-1.5 Gt C/year. In contrast, soil scientists argue that: (i) a large portion of the SOC transported by water runoff comprises labile fraction, (ii) breakdown of aggregation by raindrop impact and shearing force of runoff accentuates mineralization of the previously protected organic matter, and (iii) the SOC within the plough zone at the depositional sites may be subject to rapid mineralization, along with methanogenesis and denitrification under anaerobic environment. Whereas, tillage erosion may also cause burial of some SOC, increase in soil erosion and emission of CO2 from fossil fuel combustion are net sources of atmospheric CO2. Soil scientists argue that soil erosion may be a net source of atmospheric CO2 with emission of 1 Gt C/year. It is thus important to understand the fate of eroded SOC by measuring and monitoring SOC pool in eroded landscape as influenced by intensity and frequency of tillage operations and cropping systems.

Pages: 137 - 142
Volume: 81
Number: 2
Journal: Soil & Tillage Research
Journal ISO: NA
Organization: NA
Publisher: NA
ISSN: 0167-1987

biomass production, carbon, carbon cycle, carbonsequestration, cropping systems, denitrification, erosion, geologicalsedimentation, greenhouse effect, mineralization, organic carbon,runoff, soil degradation, soil organic matter, tillage, organic matterin soil, sediment deposition, soil cultivation, Soil Biology (JJ100),Soil Chemistry and Mineralogy (JJ200), Erosion; Soil and WaterConservation (PP400), Meteorology and Climate (PP500), Pollution andDegradation (PP600)

Source: EBSCO
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