|Author:||Cirelli, G. L. ; Consoli, S. ; Grande, V. di ; Milani, M. ; Toscano, A.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
The paper reports the results of an investigation on a H-SSF constructed wetland for tertiary treatment in a small community located in eastern Sicily, Italy. The system is designed to reuse wastewater for the irrigation of olive orchards covering about 150 hectares. From March 2001 to September 2005, wastewater samples were collected and the following chemical-physical parameters were determined according to Standard Methods: temperature, pH, EC, DO, TSS (105°C), BOD5, COD, TN, TP. The following microbiological parameters were also evaluated: total coliforms, faecal coliforms, Escherichia coli, faecal streptococci, Salmonella, helminth eggs. Mean removal efficiencies ranged from 77 to 92% (TSS), 37 to 72% (BOD5), 51 to 79% (COD), 97 to 99.5% (E. coli). Removal efficiency of Salmonella and helminth eggs was always 100% in all samples; however, only 15% of total samples matched the limit of E. coli (<50 CFU/100 mL) fixed by Italian legislation for wastewater reuse.
|Pages:||183 - 191|
|Journal:||Water Science and Technology|
agriculture, artificial wetlands, biochemical oxygen demand,chemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity,faecal coliforms, helminth ova, irrigation, irrigation water, nitrogen,olives, orchards, pH, phosphorus, removal, suspended solids,temperature, tertiary treatment, waste utilization, waste water, wastewater treatment, waste water treatment plants, water reuse, Italy,Sicily, Escherichia coli, Olea europaea, Phragmites australis,Salmonella, Streptococcaceae, Escherichia, Enterobacteriaceae,Gracilicutes, bacteria, prokaryotes, Southern Europe, Europe,Mediterranean Region, Developed Countries, European Union Countries,OECD Countries, Olea, Oleaceae, Scrophulariales, dicotyledons,angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, Phragmites, Poaceae,Cyperales, monocotyledons, Italy, Firmicutes, BOD, constructed wetlands,fecal coliforms, hydrogen ion concentration, Oleales, potential ofhydrogen, Sicilia, watering, Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drai