|Author:||Egea, Gregorio ; S©Łnchez-Bel, Paloma ; Domingo, Rafael ; Nortes, Pedro A. ; Gonz©Łlez-Real, Mar©Ưa M. ; Baille, Alain|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
The aim of this study was to quantify and compare the effects of two different deficit irrigation (DI) strategies (regulated deficit irrigation, or RDI, and partial rootzone drying, PRD) on almond (Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D.A. Webb) fruit growth and quality. Five irrigation treatments, ranging from moderate to severe water restriction, were applied: (i) full irrigation (FI), irrigated to satisfy the maximum crop water requirements (ETc); (ii) regulated deficit irrigation (RDI), receiving 50% of ETc during the kernel-filling stage and at 100% ETc throughout the remaining periods; and three PRD treatments - PRD₇₀, PRD₅₀ and PRD₃₀ - irrigated at 70%, 50% and 30% ETc, respectively, during the whole growth season. The DI treatments did not affect the overall fruit growth pattern compared to the FI treatment, but they had a negative impact on the final kernel dry weight for the most stressed treatments. The allocation of water to the different components of the fruit, characterized by the fresh weight ratio of kernel to fruit, appeared to be the process most clearly affected by DI. Attributes of the kernel chemical composition (lipid, protein, sugar and organic acid contents) were not negatively affected by the intensity of water deprivation. Overall, our results indicated that PRD did not present a clear advantage (or disadvantage) over RDI with regard to almond fruit growth and quality.
|Pages:||1605 - 1614|
|Journal:||Agricultural water management|
fruits (plant anatomy), dry matter partitioning, seeds, soilwater content, dry matter accumulation, organic acids and salts, foodcomposition, sugar content, lipid content, protein content, fillingperiod, irrigation systems, crop quality, deficit irrigation, Prunusdulcis, almonds, irrigation rates, irrigation water, evapotranspiration,crop yield, fruiting