|Author:||Gawad, G. A. ; Arslan, A. ; Gaihbe, A. ; Kadouri, F.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
In order to asses the effects of management on crop production to obtain a better understanding of irrigation with saline irrigation water (~8 dS/m) and the role of crop tolerance to salinity, many experiments were conducted at Deir AlZoor Station (ACSAD, Syria) in the period (1999-2002), using mixing and alternating (cyclic) irrigation management, traditional furrow and drip irrigation methods, different water qualities, and different tomato varieties. New and improved equipment was used to monitor soil salinity, soil water content, and other soil-plant-water properties. The results showed higher water use efficiency with drip irrigation over the traditional methods, higher yields of salt tolerant tomato varieties, obtained by plant breeding using DNA marker technology, over the local varieties, higher sugar content of tomato fruit grown using saline irrigation water compared with that irrigated with non-saline (~1 dS/m) water. Moreover, the obtained soil and plant parameters were used to validate the SALTMED Model.
|Pages:||39 - 53|
|Journal:||Agricultural Water Management|
crop yield, cultivars, fruits, furrow irrigation, irrigationwater, plant water relations, saline water, salt tolerance, soilsalinity, soil water content, sugar content, sustainability, tomatoes,trickle irrigation, water quality, water use efficiency, Syria,Lycopersicon esculentum, Lycopersicon, Solanaceae, Solanales,dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, West Asia, Asia,Mediterranean Region, Middle East, Developing Countries, ThresholdCountries, Horticultural Crops (FF003) (New March 2000), Plant Breedingand Genetics (FF020), Plant Water Relations (FF062), Plant Production(FF100), Plant Cropping Systems (FF150), Environmental Tolerance ofPlants (FF900), Soil Physics (JJ300), Soil Water Management (Irrigationand Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002) [formerly Soil WaterManagement], Crop Produce (QQ050), Food Composition and Quality (QQ500)