|Author:||Fletcher, A. L. ; Sinclair, T. R. ; Allen, L. H., Jr.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Slow-wilting has been observed in several soyabean genotypes as a phenotypic response to drought stress. This trait has been proposed as useful in improving the yield of soyabean under drought conditions, but the exact nature of the trait is unresolved. This research explored the hypothesis that slow-wilting is an expression of soil water conservation that results from a plant-imposed limitation on maximum transpiration rate. Therefore, gas exchange by slow-wilting and commercial genotypes was measured over a range of atmospheric vapour pressured deficit (VPD). Two experiments were undertaken to examine the response by whole plants and by plant canopies. The results showed that indeed the slow-wilting genotypes reached a maximum transpiration rate at a VPD of about 2.0 kPa with little or no further increase in transpiration rate above this value as VPD was increased. In contrast, the commercial cultivars showed continued increases in transpiration rate as VPD was increased above 2.0 kPa. These results indicated that the slow-wilting trait would be especially desirable in low humidity (high VPD) environments where water deficits commonly develop in the later part of the season. In these environments, restricted transpiration rate during the middle of the day with high vapour pressure deficit would result in water conservation allowing for both increased yield and water use efficiency.
|Pages:||145 - 151|
|Journal:||Environmental and Experimental Botany|
crop yield, drought, genotypes, plant water relations,soyabeans, stress, stress factors, stress response, transpiration,vapour pressure, water stress, water use efficiency, Glycine (Fabaceae),Glycine max, Glycine (Fabaceae), Papilionoideae, Fabaceae, Fabales,dicotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, eukaryotes, soybeans,vapor pressure, Field Crops (FF005) (New March 2000), Plant Breeding andGenetics (FF020), Plant Physiology and Biochemistry (FF060), Plant WaterRelations (FF062)