|Book Group Author:||NA|
The Indian state of Bihar recorded high growth rates of cereal yields during the 1980s, which was higher than national figures. However, this promising development could not be sustained in the 1990s, and cereal yields stagnated since then. This paper explores the reasons for this relapse. Following a brief literature review, the paper explores the recent trends in tubewell irrigation and discusses the structure of water markets and their productivity and equity implications based on primary survey data collected in 2002-03. The next section discusses various macroeconomic factors that limit farmers' ability to leverage the newly created pump capital to increase crop productivity and raise incomes. It argues that reduced rate of public capital formation and lack of adequate infrastructure and economic incentives have contributed to the agricultural stagnation in Bihar. The last section discusses various alternatives for raising crop yields and farm incomes based on studies of well-performing farms in the region.
|Pages:||3484 - 3491|
|Journal:||Economic and Political Weekly|
agricultural development, agricultural policy, cereals,constraints, crop production, crop yield, groundwater, incentives,infrastructure, irrigation, macroeconomics, productivity, public works,reviews, trends, water allocation, Bihar, India, India, South Asia,Asia, Developing Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, watering,Agricultural Economics (EE110), Natural Resource Economics (EE115) (NewMarch 2000), Policy and Planning (EE120), Plant Production (FF100), SoilWater Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002)[formerly Soil Water Management], Water Resources (PP200), PublicServices and Infrastructure (UU300)