|Author:||Nguyen Dinh, Manh ; Trinh Quang, Huy|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
Urbanization and industrialization are accelerating simultaneously, resulting in increased concentration of people and pollution in the cities. Effective urban planning has crucial implications for sustainable resource use and conservation of environmental quality in cities. However, treatment systems for municipal and industrial waste water and solid waste are insufficient. Solid waste is disposed at poorly designed dumpsites, allowing pollutants to leak into the groundwater. Furthermore, hazardous waste is not treated separately but mixed with inert solid waste. Level of contaminants in agricultural land and water is still limited, but elevated values have been found in places where industrial activities are intensive. Vietnam should apply approaches to management for waste water and solid waste such as 'prevention is better than abatement'; implementation of 'cleaner technologies' in industry and 'reduction of pollution at its source'. Legislation and establishment of standard systems should be enhanced. Capacity in the waste water reuse techniques and pollution control should be developed. For these purposes, further multi-sectional comprehensive studies should be developed.
|Pages:||91 - 96|
|Journal:||Bulletin of the Institute of Tropical Agriculture, KyushuUniversity|
agricultural land, environmental legislation, groundwater,human population, industrialization, pollutants, pollution control,population growth, refuse, soil pollution, solid wastes, urban planning,urbanization, waste management, waste water, waste water treatment,water pollution, water reuse, Vietnam, man, Indochina, South East Asia,Asia, Developing Countries, ASEAN Countries, Homo, Hominidae, Primates,mammals, vertebrates, Chordata, animals, industrial effluents, Laws andRegulations (DD500), Water Resources (PP200), Pollution and Degradation(PP600), Human Wastes and Refuse (XX300), Industrial Wastes andEffluents (XX400)