|Book Group Author:||NA|
In the Haryana and Punjab states of northern India, declining sustainability of the most profitable and highly intensive rice-wheat cropping system is due to soil nutrient depletion, soil salinity, waterlogging, indiscriminate and irrational use of water resources, overexploitation of groundwater resources, build up of pests and diseases, and loss of biodiversity. This has raised serious questions for farmers, social and agricultural scientists, and others concerned about the viability of the system. If corrective measures are not taken quickly, then India will inevitably enter into a state of crisis from which full recovery will be impossible. The study identified many reasons affecting farmers for the decline, including illiteracy, low annual income, lack of awareness on environmental and health issues, small and fragmented land holdings, joint families, indebtedness, inefficient agricultural extension services, a malfunctioning state agricultural department, corruption, degraded agricultural inputs in the markets, insecurity about crop failures among farmers, lack of crop insurance facilities, fluctuation in crop prices, inadequate focus on farm women, and poor databases for watershed planning. These reasons are interrelated and form a cycle responsible for the deterioration of natural resources. The paper discusses these issues and suggests problem-solving measures.
|Pages:||107 - 108|
|Journal:||International salinity forum - managing saline soils andwater: science, technology and social issues. Oral PresentationAbstracts, Riverside Convention Center, Riverside, California, USA,25-28 April 2005|
biodiversity, cropping systems, databases, economic impact,farmers, local government, natural resources, nutrients, planning, plantdiseases, plant pests, policy, resource utilization, rice, socialimpact, social participation, soil degradation, soil fertility, soilsalinity, sustainability, water resources, waterlogging, wheat, women,Haryana, India, man, Oryza, Oryza sativa, Triticum, South Asia, Asia,Developing Countries, Commonwealth of Nations, India, Oryza, Poaceae,Cyperales, monocotyledons, angiosperms, Spermatophyta, plants, Homo,Hominidae, Primates, mammals, vertebrates, Chordata, animals, extensionservices, ground water, problem solving, Punjab, data banks, resourceexploitation, paddy, citizen participation, Plant Production (FF100),Soil Water Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June2002) [formerly Soil Water Management], Soil Fertility (JJ600),Community Participation and Development (UU450) (New March 2000), RuralSociology (UU800) (New March 2000