|Book Group Author:||NA|
Two ACIAR (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research) projects under way in the Yellow River Basin in China focus on land and water resource degradation that is threatening the social, economic and ecological sustainability of the region. The first project evaluates the effectiveness of the Grain for Green programme which encourages farmers to convert steep cropland into forest and perennial croplands. The effects of planting annual crops and grazing livestock on deforested lands and the role of farmers in reforestation and erosion control and ecological protection are discussed. The second project is aiming to increase the productivity and sustainability of water use in Yellow River Basin irrigation systems by establishing equitable institutional arrangements, including water trading, that promote more efficient water allocation and management as well as maintaining social cohesion. Establishing an integrated water allocation system that is more flexible and responsive to these new developments, as well as being ecologically sustainable, has therefore become a priority.
|Pages:||8 - 9|
|Journal:||Partners in Research for Development|
afforestation, deforestation, development programmes,development projects, environmental degradation, environmentalprotection, erosion, erosion control, forests, grazing, irrigation,irrigation systems, land degradation, productivity, sloping land,sustainability, water allocation, water management, water use, water useefficiency, China, East Asia, Asia, Developing Countries, croplands,development programs, land conversion, pasturing, reafforestation,reforestation, water resource management, watering, Natural ResourceEconomics (EE115) (New March 2000), Aid (EE125) (New March 2000), SoilWater Management (Irrigation and Drainage) (JJ800) (Revised June 2002)[formerly Soil Water Management], Forests and Forest Trees (Biology andEcology) (KK100), Silviculture and Forest Management (KK110), WaterResources (PP200), Land Resources (PP300), Grasslands and Rangelands(PP350), Erosion; Soil and Water Conservation (PP400), Pollution andDegradation (PP600)