|Author:||Lange, M. de ; Merrey, D. J. ; Levite, H. ; Svendsen, M.|
|Book Group Author:||NA|
This study analyses the management of a South African river basin under the old regime and policies, and that envisioned under the new set-up. The analysis employs a matrix of essential functions and key actors to identify the extent of coverage, gaps and overlaps, extent of participation, and needs for coordination. Emphasis is given on the Olifants River Basin, one of the pilot basins in which the new approach is being developed and tested. The Olifants River Basin is located in the northeastern corner of South Africa and southern Mozambique. This basin is divided into five hydrologic areas generally regrouped in four ecological regions: (i) Upper Olifants which correspond to the Highveld region; (ii) Upper Middle and Lower Middle Olifants represent the Middleveld region; (iii) Steelpoort basin assimilated to the mountain area; and (iv) Lower Olifants situated in the Lowveld region. The basin hydrology (including water supply, demand, balance and quality), as well as the legal, policy and institutional environment (water policy and water law) are discussed. Government agencies, boards and agencies, farmers, industrial firms, environmental advocacy groups and Development banks are the key actors involved in river basin management. A list of the essential functions for river basin management crossed with the key actors is provided. Water resources management and water services provision such as domestic, industrial and agricultural uses are explored. Also discussed are the additional attributes (political and informational attributes, legal authority and resources) of well-functioning basin governance systems with respect to the Olifants basin. Finally, some key themes which will characterize the future of integrated water resources management are discussed. These are: single source of authority and power, poverty and poor representation of the neediest sector, from administrative to public processes of water allocation, and growing water quality issues.
catchment hydrology, demand, institutions, planning,politics, poverty, public agencies, social participation, waterallocation, water balance, water management, water policy, waterquality, water resources, water supply, water use, watershed management,watersheds, Mozambique, South Africa, Southern Africa, Africa South ofSahara, Africa, Least Developed Countries, Developing Countries, SADCCountries, Portuguese Speaking Africa, Commonwealth of Nations,Threshold Countries, Anglophone Africa, catchment areas, citizenparticipation, government agencies, stakeholders, water composition andquality, water legislation, water resource management, water supplies,Agencies and Organizations (DD100), Laws and Regulations (DD500), Policyand Planning (EE120), Income and Poverty (EE950), Water Resources(PP200), Public Services and Infrastructure (UU300), CommunityParticipation and Development (UU450) (New March 2000), SocialPsychology and Social Anthropology (UU485) (New March 2000)